TERMS OF REFERENCE
ENDLINE STUDY OF SOUTH WEST STATE- DROUGHT RECOVERY PROGRAM IN BAY & BAKOOL REGIONS
WORLD VISION SOMALIA
South West State- Drought Recovery Program
Xudur, Qansadhere and Burr Hakaba
To contribute to improved resilience and increase adaptive capacities for communities and households in Somalia to protect their livelihoods over continuing shocks
Specific objective/ Outcome: Vulnerable households and community in South West states of Somalia are more resilience to Cyclical Shocks and Stressors and better able to secure household needs year on year.
intermediary Outcome 1 : Enhanced food security and capacity to meet social needs through sustainable cash-based assistance mechanism and improve access to social capital enable risk mitigation, promotion livelihood diversification and improved productivity
Intermediary Outcome 2 : Natural resource based for sustainable livelihood is restored through rehabilitation of degraded rangeland, farmland and water infrastructure (Soil bunds sand dams, check dams reservoirs, boreholes & berkards) and enhanced management governance of natural resources to support sustainable pastoral livelihoods.intermediary Outcome 3 : Enhance livelihood diversification for women, men and youth through the restoration of productive assets, adaptation of agricultural technologies, improved production system and skills development for livelihood diversification
intermediary Outcome 4: Enhanced drought recovery and disaster preparedness through community action planning to ensure available contingency resources, protection and rehabilitation of productive assets and development of sustainable livelihoods
Burr Hakaba (900
28 months (2 years, 4 months
To set indicators baseline values against which projects will be Measured at the Midline and end of project evaluation.
Endline start and end date
2nd February to 29 February 2020
Anticipated date for submission of the report.
1st March 2019
The Somalia Resilience Program (SomReP) is a multi-year effort by eight leading NGOs to tackle the challenge of recurrent droughts—and the chronic vulnerability that results— among pastoralists, agro pastoralists and peri-urban households across Somalia. The program is designed to address the communities' unique needs toward building resilient livelihoods. The program builds on collective lessons learned by consortium members; World Vision, Oxfam, DRC, COOPI, CARE, ADRA, ACTED and ACF. The SomReP program has grown significantly since its inception in 2013. To date the consortium has over five active donors with on-going program interventions in the 15 districts targeting; pastoral, agro pastoral and per urban groups by the eight consortium members. Presently, SomReP has received funding from the European Union to implement South West Drought Recovery program in the districts of; Xudur, Qansadhere and Burr Hakaba, in Bay &Bakool regions for 28 months. The project is implemented in three (3) districts of Xudur, Qansadhere and Burr Hakaba, and aim to improve access to resilience and increased adaptive capacities for communities and households in Somalia and to protect their livelihood over continued shocks. This particularly targeted; pastoral, agropastoral and per urban households in the communities who have been greatly affected by the recent drought. As the programme draws into the close-out phase the consortium seeks to engage the services of a consultant to conduct an endline study across the three districts.
WV/SomReP Program will undertake an endline study for the "South West State drought recovery program in, Bay & Bakool regions. The purpose and objectives of the endline is to establish the impact and effectiveness of the project as measured by project key outcomes and impact indicators. Midway through the project, SomReP conducted a baseline survey to establish benchmark values for key indicators. The endline evaluation will build on this baseline to assess the impact, effectiveness, and sustainability of the project. SomReP would also want to take advantage of this assessment to establish whether the hypotheses and assumptions set to underpin causal linkages between inputs and activities and outcomes and impacts were plausible and valid. The results of the assessment will be particularly important for SomReP not only to understand the impact of the project, test the theory of change underpinning the strategies and interventions delivered, but will also inform future strategic programming and project development.
Specifically, the assessment seeks to:
For this resilience assessment, it is suggested that a non-experimental research design should be used to allow for comparison of resilience and wellbeing outcomes – before and after the project interventions. This design is further recommended because it will not just allow for documentation of the current situation regarding the resilience and wellbeing of households and communities but it will also allow for comparison with the values of resilience measurements that were obtained in 2016 and 2017 respectively. In addition, by virtue of the research design focusing on households and communities that have been exposed to project interventions, it will allow for assessment of associations between outcomes and the programme.
To ensure that results are triangulated and collated, a mixed methods approach (i.e. combining qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis techniques) is recommended.
Qualitative data shall be collected through focus group and key informant interviews with programme’s target beneficiaries (pastoral, agro-pastoral, peri-urban or in some cases, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), other community members, government stakeholders, and strategic partners. In collecting this, data gender consideration shall be taken in account. Qualitative data will include data on governance issues, participation of different gender groups in decision making, community level infrastructure and services and community experience of covariate shocks. It is also important to establish the extent to which the project has strengthened the governance structures at community and national levels to support resilience programmes. Additionally, the consultant will be required to review available secondary data including past annual resilience measurement, evaluation reports, and Livelihood Recovery assessment report to strengthen the data comparison across the districts.
With regard to quantitative data, the assessment will employ a comprehensive approach of data collection with a clear sampling methodology in all the target locations. This will be approved by the SomReP team before the actual field work. Quantitative data shall be collected through household survey using a harmonized resilience tool. Key data to be collected using household questionnaire include household demographics, household participation (non-participation) in the program, household’s exposure to shocks (both covariate and idiosyncratic), household resilience and wellbeing indicators for example productive assets, expenditure/income, food security and copping strategies that is Food Consumption Score (FCS), Household Hunger Scale (HHS), and Reduced Consumption Strategy and Index (RCSI).
The study population will comprise of programme beneficiaries from the operational districts and villages and key informants at the community, district and institutional level. The sampling unit will be a household and the households will be stratified first by district and then by livelihood zone. The programme will provide to the consultant a list of beneficiaries reached in each village. The programme reached to 3 districts namely, Xudur, Qansadhere and Burr Hakaba
Identify and propose a suitable sampling technique will be used to sample direct beneficiaries (pastoral, agro-pastoral, peri-urban or in some cases, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)), community members, government stakeholders, and strategic partners for key informants and focus group discussion. The sample size for qualitative group will governed by the golden rule of data saturation.
For quantitative survey, identify a suitable sample size direct beneficiaries (and non-beneficiaries). To determine the sample size for quantitative survey, two important statistical parameters will be considered: the survey’s margin of error and confidence level. A 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error is recommended
The consultants to undertake the assignment will report directly to the Q&A manager for SomReP to make sure compliance with the intended goals. Regular consultation meetings will be arranged between the SomReP TU and the consultant.
7.1. World Vision/SomReP
The consultants will be responsible for their own logistics (Accommodation, flight, ground transport, security etc). WV will only support coordination of their logistics to and in field.
Proposals from Consultants should include the following information (at a minimum)
HOW TO APPLY
 The resilience tools that were used in the previous studies have been harmonized to ensure that results are comparable over time.
 A household is considered a beneficiary if they have participated in any of the interventions implemented by SWS Drought Recovery Project
 Data saturation was reached, i.e. till no new data seemed to be emerging
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Inter-Agency Working Group on disaster Preparedness for East and Central Africa (IAWG)
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